A compactly built dog, the French Bulldog, in spite of his name, is believed to be at least partly of British origin. He is a descendant of the Toy Bulldog, which was bred during the nineteenth century and exported to France, where the breed became popular. In fact, English lacemakers from the Midlands who went to work in France took small Bulldogs with them. This stock is believed to have mixed with short-faced bull-baiting dogs from other European countries. This ‘new’ breed was brought to England and first shown around 1900, with a French Bulldog club being formed in 1903.
The bat ear is a distinctive feature of this breed and adds to the droll expression. He is medium-to-small-sized dog and bred in three colours – brindle, pied and fawn – with a short, easy-to-keep-clean coat.
Very intelligent and always ready for fun, the French Bulldog has an affectionate disposition. But although he has a jolly, engaging personality and is very vivacious, he is not a boisterous or a noisy dog. Comfort means a lot to him and he will happily live in house or flat as an integral part of the family.
Breed Group: Utility
Size/Breed Group: Small
How much exercise: Up to 1 hour per day
Grooming: Once a week
Town or Country? Either
Type of Home: Flat
Garden size: Small/medium
Lifespan: Over 10 years
Breed Standard is the guideline which describes the ideal
characteristics, temperament and appearance including the correct
colour of a breed and ensures that the breed is fit for function.
Absolute soundness is essential. Breeders and judges should at all
times be careful to avoid obvious conditions or exaggerations which
would be detrimental in any way to the health, welfare or soundness
of this breed. From time to time certain conditions or exaggerations
may be considered to have the potential to affect dogs in some breeds
adversely, and judges and breeders are requested to refer to the
Breed Watch section of the Kennel Club website
here http://www.thekennelclub.org.uk/services/public/breed/watch for
details of any such current issues. If a feature or quality is
desirable it should only be present in the right measure. However if
a dog possesses a feature, characteristic or colour described as
undesirable or highly undesirable it is strongly recommended that it
should not be rewarded in the show ring.
compact , solid, small dog with good bone, short, smooth coat. No
point exaggerated, balance essential. Dogs showing respiratory
distress highly undesirable.
of courage, yet with clown-like qualities. Bat ears and short tail
characteristic features of the breed.
deeply affectionate, intelligent.
square in appearance and in proportion to dog’s size. Skull nearly
flat between ears, domed forehead. The skin covering the skull and
forehead should be supple enough to allow fine wrinkling when the dog
is alert. Well defined muzzle, broad, deep and set back, muscles of
cheeks well developed. Stop well defined. Lower jaw deep, square,
broad, slightly undershot and turned up. Nose black and wide,
relatively short, with open nostrils and line between well defined.
Lips black, thick, meeting each other in centre, completely hiding
teeth. Upper lip covers lower on each side with plenty of cushion,
never so exaggerated as to hang too much below level of lower jaw.
dark and matching. Moderate size, round, neither sunken nor
prominent, showing no white when looking straight forward; set
relatively wide apart and on same level as the stop.
ears‘, of medium size, wide at base, rounded at top; set high,
carried upright and parallel, a sufficient width of skull preventing
them being too close together; skin soft and fine, orifice as seen
from the front, showing entirely. The opening to the ear canal should
be wide and open.
undershot. Teeth sound and regular, but not visible when the mouth is
closed. Tongue must not protrude.
well arched and thick, of moderate length.
set wide apart, straight boned, strong, muscular and short.
muscular and well rounded with deep wide brisket and ribs well
sprung. Strong, gently roached back. Good ‘cut up’. The body
while broader at the shoulders should narrow slightly beyond the ribs
to give definition to the relatively short, thick, strong, muscular
strong, muscular and relatively longer than forelegs with moderate
angulation. Absolute soundness essential. Hocks well let down.
compact and placed in continuation of line of leg, with absolutely
sound pasterns. Hind feet rather longer than the fore-feet. Toes
compact; well knuckled; nails short, thick and preferably black.
short, set low, thick at root, tapering quickly towards tip,
preferably straight, and long enough to cover anus. Never curling
over back nor carried gaily.
and flowing. Soundness of movement of the utmost importance.
fine, smooth, lustrous, short and close.
only correct colours are: Brindle; Fawn; Pied;
– Colour pattern caused by a mixture of black hairs and fawn hairs.
White markings permitted provided that brindle predominates. Eye
rims, eyelashes and lips black.
– Clear, self-coloured fawn with or without a black mask. White
markings permitted, provided that fawn predominates. Cream and red
shades less desirable. Eye rims, eyelashes and lips black.
– Brindle Pied: White predominates with brindle patches. (The
brindle as defined above). Fawn Pied: White predominates with fawn
are classified with pieds for show purposes.
pieds, eye rims, eyelashes and lips should preferably be black.
white in the above colours should be clear with no ticking or spots.
other colours highly undesirable, including solid black, black and
white, black and tan, mouse, grey/blue, liver/chocolate and all
patterns of these colours (see Introductory Paragraph).
weight: dogs: 12.5 kgs (28 lbs); bitches: 11 kgs (24 lbs). Soundness
not to be sacrificed to smallness.
departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and
the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in
exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and
welfare of the dog and on the dog’s ability to perform its
animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended
into the scrotum.